Gateway problem fixed.

Justin Dolske (dolske@cis.ohio-state.edu)
Wed, 23 Apr 1997 15:07:29 -0400 (EDT)


Oops. It appears we forgot to distribute a module that the gateway uses.
If you're getting "Empty reply" messages, you'll just need to save the
included code into "Escape.pm". Sorry about this. :-)

Justin Dolske <URL:http://www.cis.ohio-state.edu/~dolske/>
(dolske@cis.ohio-state.edu)
Graduate Fellow / Research Associate at The Ohio State University, CIS Dept.

===== CUT HERE, "Escape.pm" =====
#
# $Id: 0525.html,v 1.2 2003/07/23 15:31:54 cmcurtin Exp $
#

package URI::Escape;

=head1 NAME

uri_escape - Escape unsafe characters

uri_unescape - Unescape escaped characters

=head1 SYNOPSIS

use URI::Escape;
$safe = uri_escape("10% is enough\n");
$verysafe = uri_escape("foo", "\0-\377");
$str = uri_unescape($safe);

=head1 DESCRIPTION

This module provide functions to escape and unescape URI strings.
Some characters are regarded as "unsafe" and must be escaped in
accordance with RFC 1738. Escaped characters are represented by a
triplet consisting of the character "%" followed by two hexadecimal
digits.

The uri_escape() function takes an optional second argument that
overrides the set of characters that are to be escaped. The set is
specified as a string that can be used in a regular expression
character class (between [ ]). E.g.:

\x00-\x1f\x7f-\xff # all control and hi-bit characters
a-z # all lower case characters
^A-Za-z # everything not a letter

The default set of characters to be escaped is:

\x00-\x20"#%;<>?{}|\\\\^~`\[\]\x7F-\xFF

The module can also export the %escapes hash which contains the
mapping from all characters to the corresponding escape code.

=head1 SEE ALSO

L<URI::URL>

=cut

require Exporter;
@ISA = qw(Exporter);
@EXPORT = qw(uri_escape uri_unescape);
@EXPORT_OK = qw(%escapes);

use Carp ();

# Build a char->hex map
for (0..255) {
$escapes{chr($_)} = sprintf("%%%02X", $_);
}

sub uri_escape
{
my($text, $patn) = @_;
return undef unless defined $text;
if (defined $patn){
unless (exists $subst{$patn}) {
# Because we can't compile regex we fake it with a cached sub
$subst{$patn} =
eval "sub {\$_[0] =~ s/([$patn])/\$escapes{\$1}/g; }";
Carp::croak("uri_escape: $@") if $@;
}
&{$subst{$patn}}($text);
} else {
# Default unsafe characters. (RFC1738 section 2.2)
$text =~ s/([\x00-\x20"#%;<>?{}|\\\\^~`\[\]\x7F-\xFF])/$escapes{$1}/g; #"
}
$text;
}

sub uri_unescape
{
# Note from RFC1630: "Sequences which start with a percent sign
# but are not followed by two hexadecimal characters are reserved
# for future extension"
my @copy = @_;
for (@copy) { s/%([\dA-Fa-f]{2})/chr(hex($1))/eg; }
wantarray ? @copy : $copy[0];
}

1;