"Only" export control

Seth D. Schoen (sigma@ishmael.nmh.northfield.ma.us)
Mon, 23 Jun 1997 23:34:12 -0400

As far as I can tell from what I've read about this new controversial
bill, it "only" moves to criminalize _export_ by U.S. citizens, and not
_use_ by them, of crypto above 56-bit.

I still want to call the Commerce Dept. and ask them for a comment on the
fact that DESCHALL has proved commercially useless all legally exportable
crypto. (For protecting data worth over $10,000, at least, which is
probably where the best commercial markets for U.S. crypto would arise

All right, so in regard to this bill: sure, it's terrible, but it may
not be _as terrible_ as people think. That is, for U.S. users, I don't
think that the bill means to take away _your copies_ of crypto software.
Sure, Louis Freeh would love to do that, but not by means of this bill.
It only seems to codify in law current export regulations, to the major
detriment of U.S. programmers' competitiveness, but _not_ of U.S. users'

And fortunately enough, there are both courageous users who violate
the export laws (is PGP 5 outside the country yet?) and very good
programmers and cryptographers in other countries working to produce
NSA-proof crypto for international users. This is no excuse for export
control, but it is perhaps a "mitigating factor" in terms of just what
effect this silly new bill could have on people in practice.

Incidentally, a nice benefit of crypto and remailers is that they make
violations of ITAR and DOC regulations undetectable and untraceable.
Until there are restrictions on possession and use, as in France
(a reason I would never live there), nobody anywhere in the world will
have any difficulty obtaining strong cryptography, export and
import controls notwithstanding.

I would like to put in a request for crypto software distributors: on
your web pages for software downloads, would you use the phrasing
"I acknowledge affirmatively that export of this software is prohibited by
law" rather than "I agree not to export this software in violation of
the law"? The second phrasing, which is in wide, though not exclusive,
use makes exporting the software _dishonest_ and _in violation of an
agreement_; the first phrasing just makes it _illegal_ and _punishable_.
Many people are prepared to violate unfair laws, but not necessarily to
break promises they have voluntarily made.

For instance, in order to live in the Substance-Free Environment in
my dorm at Berkeley, I have signed an agreement not to use or possess
drugs. I intend to honor this agreement, voluntarily entered into,
even if it would be to my advantage to break it, but otherwise would
have few inherent objections to illegally buying or reselling drugs, or
at least assisting others in doing so. I'm sure I'm not the only person
who respects his promises but not the law.

Nothing is more dangerous for man's private morality than the habit of
commanding.  The best man, the most intelligent, disinterested, generous,
pure, will infallibly and always be spoiled at this trade.
            -- Mikhail A. Bakunin (thanks to Rabbi Albert Axelrad)